Inoculation of the udders of cows with the virus of enzootic abortion of ewes resulted in a severe acute mastitis. The mastitis was characterized clinically by pyrexia, anorexia, decreased milk production, swelling and marked alteration in the physical quality of the milk. The basic lesion was necrosis of alveolar and duct epithelial cells. Virus particles were demonstrated in all levels of the mammary gland three days after inoculation illustrating the rapid spread of the agent. Cells resembling Reed-Sternberg cells and similar to those seen in experimental mastitis produced by the virus of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis were seen in tissues collected six and nine days after inoculation
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