Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Recruitment of PI4KIIIβ to coxsackievirus B3 replication organelles is independent of ACBD3, GBF1, and Arf1

By Cristina M Dorobantu, Hilde M van der Schaar, Lauren A Ford, Jeroen R P M Strating, Rachel Ulferts, Ying Fang, George Belov and Frank J M van Kuppeveld


Members of the Enterovirus (poliovirus [PV], coxsackieviruses, and human rhinoviruses) and Kobuvirus (Aichi virus) genera in the Picornaviridae family rely on PI4KIIIβ (phosphatidylinositol-4-kinase IIIβ) for efficient replication. The small membrane-anchored enteroviral protein 3A recruits PI4KIIIβ to replication organelles, yet the underlying mechanism has remained elusive. Recently, it was shown that kobuviruses recruit PI4KIIIβ through interaction with ACBD3 (acyl coenzyme A [acyl-CoA]-binding protein domain 3), a novel interaction partner of PI4KIIIβ. Therefore, we investigated a possible role for ACBD3 in recruiting PI4KIIIβ to enterovirus replication organelles. Although ACBD3 interacted directly with coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) 3A, its depletion from cells by RNA interference did not affect PI4KIIIβ recruitment to replication organelles and did not impair CVB3 RNA replication. Enterovirus 3A was previously also proposed to recruit PI4KIIIβ via GBF1/Arf1, based on the known interaction of 3A with GBF1, an important regulator of secretory pathway transport and a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) of Arf1. However, our results demonstrate that inhibition of GBF1 or Arf1 either by pharmacological inhibition or depletion with small interfering RNA (siRNA) treatment did not affect the ability of 3A to recruit PI4KIIIβ. Furthermore, we show that a 3A mutant that no longer binds GBF1 was capable of recruiting PI4KIIIβ, even in ACBD3-depleted cells. Together, our findings indicate that unlike originally envisaged, coxsackievirus recruits PI4KIIIβ to replication organelles independently of ACBD3 and GBF1/Arf1. IMPORTANCE: A hallmark of enteroviral infection is the generation of new membranous structures to support viral RNA replication. The functionality of these "replication organelles" depends on the concerted actions of both viral nonstructural proteins and co-opted host factors. It is thus essential to understand how these structures are formed and which cellular components are key players in this process. GBF1/Arf1 and ACBD3 have been proposed to contribute to the recruitment of the essential lipid-modifying enzyme PI4KIIIβ to enterovirus replication organelles. Here we show that the enterovirus CVB3 recruits PI4KIIIβ by a mechanism independent of both GBF1/Arf1 and ACBD3. This study shows that the strategy employed by coxsackievirus to recruit PI4KIIIβ to replication organelles is far more complex than initially anticipated

Topics: ADP-Ribosylation Factor 1, Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing, Animals, Cell Line, Coxsackievirus Infections, Enterovirus B, Human, Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors, Humans, Membrane Proteins, Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor), Protein Binding, RNA, Viral, Viral Proteins, Virus Replication
Year: 2014
OAI identifier:
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.