The heat stress response was studied in Lactobacillus helveticus PR4 during propagation in cheese whey with a gradient of naturally decreasing temperature (55 to 20°C). Growth under a gradient of decreasing temperature was compared to growth at a constant temperature of 42°C. Proteinase, peptidase, and acidification activities of L. helveticus PR4 were found to be higher in cells harvested when 40°C was reached by a gradient of decreasing temperature than in cells grown at constant temperature of 42°C. When cells grown under a temperature gradient were harvested after an initial exposure of 35 min to 55°C followed by decreases in temperature to 40 (3 h), 30 (5 h 30 min), or 20°C (13 h 30 min) and were then compared with cells grown for the same time at a constant temperature of 42°C, a frequently transient induction of the levels of expression of 48 proteins was found by two-dimensional electrophoresis analysis. Expression of most of these proteins increased following cooling from 55 to 40°C (3 h). Sixteen of these proteins were subjected to N-terminal and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry analyses. They were identified as stress proteins (e.g., DnaK and GroEL), glycolysis-related machinery (e.g., enolase and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase), and other regulatory proteins or factors (e.g., DNA-binding protein II and ATP-dependent protease). Most of these proteins have been found to play a role in the mechanisms of heat stress adaptation in other bacteria
To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.