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Receptor Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase γ Is a Marker for Pyramidal Cells and Sensory Neurons in the Nervous System and Is Not Necessary for Normal Development

By Smaragda Lamprianou, Nathalie Vacaresse, Yoshihisa Suzuki, Hamid Meziane, Joseph D. Buxbaum, Joseph Schlessinger and Sheila Harroch


In order to gain insight into the biological role of receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase γ (RPTPγ), we have generated RPTPγ-null mice. RPTPγ was disrupted by insertion of the β-galactosidase gene under the control of the RPTPγ promoter. As the RPTPγ-null mice did not exhibit any obvious phenotype, we made use of these mice to study RPTPγ expression and thus shed light on potential biological functions of this phosphatase. Inspection of mouse embryos shows that RPTPγ is expressed in a variety of tissues during embryogenesis. RPTPγ is expressed in both embryonic and adult brains. Specifically, we detected RPTPγ expression in cortical layers II and V and in the stratum pyramidale of the hippocampus, indicating that RPTPγ is a marker for pyramidal neurons. Mixed primary culture of glial cells showed a lack of expression of RPTPγ in astrocytes and a low expression of RPTPγ in oligodendrocytes and in microglia. Interestingly, RPTPγ expression was detected in all sensory organs, including the ear, nose, tongue, eye, and vibrissa follicles, suggesting a potential role of RPTPγ in sensory neurons. An initial behavioral analysis showed minor changes in the RPTPγ-null mice

Topics: Articles
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:1489161
Provided by: PubMed Central
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