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Epstein-Barr Virus LMP2A Enhances B-Cell Responses In Vivo and In Vitro

By Michelle Swanson-Mungerson, Rebecca Bultema and Richard Longnecker

Abstract

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) establishes latent infections in a significant percentage of the population. Latent membrane protein 2A (LMP2A) is an EBV protein expressed during latency that inhibits B-cell receptor signaling in lymphoblastoid cell lines. In the present study, we have utilized a transgenic mouse system in which LMP2A is expressed in B cells that are specific for hen egg lysozyme (E/HEL-Tg). To determine if LMP2A allows B cells to respond to antigen, E/HEL-Tg mice were immunized with hen egg lysozyme. E/HEL-Tg mice produced antibody in response to antigen, indicating that LMP2A allows B cells to respond to antigen. In addition, E/HEL-Tg mice produced more antibody and an increased percentage of plasma cells after immunization compared to HEL-Tg littermates, suggesting that LMP2A increased the antibody response in vivo. Finally, in vitro studies determined that LMP2A acts directly on the B cell to increase antibody production by augmenting the expansion and survival of the activated B cells, as well as increasing the percentage of plasma cells generated. Taken together, these data suggest that LMP2A enhances, not diminishes, B-cell-specific antibody responses in vivo and in vitro in the E/HEL-Tg system

Topics: Pathogenesis and Immunity
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:1489056
Provided by: PubMed Central
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