Dendritic cell-specific transmembrane protein (DC-STAMP) has been first identified as an EST in a cDNA library of human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DC). DC-STAMP is a multimembrane spanning protein that has been implicated in skewing haematopoietic differentiation of bone marrow cells towards the myeloid lineage, and in cell fusion during osteoclastogenesis and giant cell formation. To gain molecular insight in how DC-STAMP exerts its function, DC-STAMP interacting proteins were identified in a yeast-2-hybrid analysis. Herein, we report that amplified in osteosarcoma 9 (OS9) physically interacts with DC-STAMP, and that both proteins colocalize in the endoplasmic reticulum in various cell lines, including immature DC. OS9 has previously been implicated in ER-to-Golgi transport and transcription factor turnover. Interestingly, we now demonstrate that toll-like receptor (TLR)-induced maturation of DC leads to the translocation of DC-STAMP from the ER to the Golgi while OS9 localization is unaffected. Applying TLR-expressing CHO cells we could confirm ER-to-Golgi translocation of DC-STAMP following TLR stimulation and demonstrated that the DC-STAMP/OS9 interaction is involved in this process. Collectively, the data indicate that OS9 is critically involved in the modulation of ER-to-Golgi transport of DC-STAMP in response to TLR triggering, suggesting a novel role for OS9 in myeloid differentiation and cell fusion
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