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Zes benaderingen van lexicale veranderingen

By M.G. de Boer

Abstract

SAMENVATTING\ud Dit hoofdstuk gaat over veranderingen in de Italiaanse woordenschat in de laatste halve eeuw en de manieren waarop die bestudeerd kunnen worden. De voorgestelde modellen zijn het cumulatieve model (aandacht voor nieuwe woorden), het vervangende model (verdwijnwoorden en hun vervanging), het variationele model (regionale, sociale en internationale variatie als bron van vernieuwing), het statistische model (veranderingen in de basiswoordenschat), het vaktalige model (interactie tussen vaktalen en algemene taal) en het systematische model (aandacht voor nieuwe lexicale schema’s en woordvormingsprocédé’s). Er worden analyses gegeven van vu’ comprà, avviso di garanzia, colf en limonare, verder wordt Sanguineti’s gedicht Laudes rerum universarum bestudeerd als illustratie van woordvormingsprocédé’s.\ud RIASSUNTO\ud Questo capitolo tratta i cambiamenti nel lessico italiano degli ultimi cinquant’anni e i modi di studiarli. I modelli proposti sono quello cumulativo (attenzione ai neologismi), quello sostitutivo (le parole scomparse e la loro sostituzione), quello variazionale (la variazione regionale, sociale ed internazionale come fonti di rinnovamento), quello statistico (cambiamenti del lessico di base), quello settoriale (interazione tra linguaggi settoriali e lingua generale) e quello sistematico (attenzione per nuovi schemi lessicali e procedimenti di formazione delle parole). Si danno analisi di vu’ comprà, avviso di garanzia, colf e limonare; inoltre si studia la poesia di Sanguineti Laudes rerum universarum come illustrazione di nuovi processi morfologici.\ud SUMMARY\ud This chapter deals with changes in the Italian lexicon in the last fifty years and the ways in which we can study them. The proposed models are the cumulative model (attention to new words), the substitutive model (words that disappeared and their substitution), the variational model (regional, social and international variation as a source of innovation), the statistical model (changes in the basic lexicon), the special language model (interaction between special languages and the general language) and the systematic model (attention for new lexical schema’s and new word formation procedures). Analyses are given of the expressions vu’ comprà, avviso di garanzia, colf and limonare; furthermore Sanguineti’s poem Laudes rerum universarum is studied as an illustration of new word formation procedures

Topics: Arts, Italian language, lexical change, neologisms
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:dspace.library.uu.nl:1874/39230
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