Recently the site-density control of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) has attracted much attention as this has become critical for its many applications. To obtain an ordered array of catalyst nanoparticles with good monodispersity nanosphere lithography (NSL) is used. These nanoparticles are tested as catalyst sites in hotwire chemical vapor deposition (HWCVD) of carbon nanostructures. Aside from using NSL also nickel (Ni) nano-islands are made by thermal annealing of a thin Ni film and tested as catalyst sites. Multiwall CNTs, isolated carbon nanofibres, and other nanostructures have been deposited using HWCVD. Tungsten filaments held at ~2000 °C are used to decompose a mixture of ammonia, methane and hydrogen. The structures have been characterized with Scanning Electron Microscopy, High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy
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