Background. Disruptive Behavior Disorder in young children can be explained by multiple factors. In this study we will focus on the parent factors. We will examine the influence of parenting stress and psychopathology of parents on the disruptive behavior of their children. Further we will examine whether this influence is changed as a result of the intervention. Psychopathology is operationalised in depression, somatic complaints and fear. Method. The participants are children aged 4-7 who have an increased risk to develop disruptive behavior and their parents. The families were matched based on six characteristics: aggression, gender and IQ of the child, stress and educational level of the parents and level of urbanization of the hometown. Parents of children in the intervention group all received the intervention ‘Incredible Years’ to improve their parenting skills. Results. A repeated measures ANOVA was used to assess whether the influence of psychopathology of parents on the behavior of the child was changed by the intervention. Depressed mothers reported a decrease in their child’s disruptive behavior after participating in the intervention. Post hoc tests revealed that highly depressed mothers who received the intervention reported a larger decrease in disruptive behavior than both non-depressive mothers in the intervention and control group. Furthermore, highly depressed mothers in the control group reported a larger decrease in disruptive child behavior than non-depressed mothers in the control group. Fathers who experience high levels of parenting stress reported a decrease in disruptive behavior. Post hoc tests did not reveal between which groups this difference is found. Discussion. Like earlier research already revealed, it appeared that depressed mothers benefit from the intervention. This also appeared from earlier research. Highly depressed mothers benefit more from the intervention than non-depressed mothers. Further fathers with parenting stress appeared to benefit from the intervention. It is not known whether highly stressed fathers or low stressed fathers benefit more from the intervention. These results show that the intervention can and/or should focus more on depressed mothers and stressed fathers
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