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Antigen-specific helper activity in serum of mice primed with sheep red cells I. Definition of the test system and comparison with other systems

By H. van Dijk, P.M. Rademaker, A. Slotboom and J.M. Willers


An adoptive transfer system is described to measure serum helper activity in the primary antibody response to sheep red blood cells (SRBC). Mice injected with a high dose of cyclophosphamide and reconstituted with rabbit anti-thymocyte serum-treated spleen cells were used as recipients. Serum obtained 9 hr after ip injection of normal mice with 2 × 108 SRBC (S(SRBC)) injected i.v. in the recipients caused a significant enhancement of the antibody response to 2 × 107 SRBC. The serum helper activity was not generated in thymectomized animals and could be absorbed from S(SRBC) by normal and formalinized SRBC. The SRBC-specific serum helper activity (SSHA) is heat labile (30 min 56 °C) and shows allogeneic restriction. Another test system described in literature for measuring T-cell help in vivo was less suited to measure SSHA in the response to 2 × 107 SRBC. A system using normal mice injected with 105 SRBC for determining specific immune response-enhancing factor (SIREF), demonstrated SIREF activity in S(SRBC). It did, however, not measure SSHA, as absorption of S(SRBC) with formalinized SRBC did not abolish the activity in that system

Topics: Biologie
Year: 1980
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