The fulfillment of counselees’ expectations in cancer genetic counseling and how this affects the outcome of counseling have received little attention so far. This study investigates how the initial consultation influences counselees’ cognitions and anxiety, whether counselors address\ud counselees’ prior needs and preferences during the visit, and whether addressing needs is associated with a more positive outcome of the visit. One hundred twenty-eight affected and unaffected counselees from families with no known mutation, who were seen by one of fourteen counselors, participated. Pre- and post-visit questionnaires assessed correct knowledge about hereditary breast or colon cancer, perceived personal control (PPC), anxiety (STAI), risk perceptions, and(fulfillmentof)needs (QUOTE-geneca). Results demonstrated a pre- to post-visit significant increase in correct knowledge and PPC, and a significant decrease in STAI and risk perceptions.\ud However, marked overestimation of risks\ud persisted. Decrease in STAI and risk perceptions was significantly less pronounced in affected versus unaffected counselees. The majority of counselees were (very) satisfied about the extent to which their needs were addressed, albeit about\ud one-fifth were not regarding emotional matters and explanations about their own cancer risk. Finally, the better counselees perceived their needs to be fulfilled, the significantly higher their PPC and the significantly lower their STAi scores\ud were. Findings suggest that both unaffected and affected counselees should becounseled carefully. Also, a more effective service may be attained if counselors pay more attention to counselees’ emotional needs and detail more inheritance and penetrance of mutated genes in relation to counselees’ family history
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