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Influence of juvenile hormone on growth and digestion in fifth instar larvae and adults of Locusta migratoria

By A.M.Th. Beenakkers and A.Th.M. van den Broek

Abstract

Food utilization was measured in female fifth instar larvae and adults of the migratory locust by following the weight of food ingested, the weight of faeces produced, and the increase in body weight. These parameters were measured in normally developing locusts, in locusts that had been implanted with a pair of active corpora allata (CA) in the beginning of the fifth instar period, and in allatectomized locusts, operated on the first day after adult ecdysis.\ud \ud A high titre of corpus allatum hormone results in a considerably higher water content of the insects; allatectomy reduces this content. The dry weight of the locusts is not essentially influenced by excess or absence of juvenile hormone.\ud \ud Food consumption in corpora-allata-implanted locusts does not differ from that in normally developing insects. Within each developmental period the digestive capacity remains constant, but the absolute value of this capacity may differ between the two developmental periods. The approximate digestibility is somewhat higher after CA-implantation and lower after allatectomy. The efficiency of conversion of digested food into body substance is greater in normally developing larvae than in adults. CA-implantation lowers this efficiency in developing larvae. Allatectomy slightly raises the efficiency of conversion in adult locusts.\ud \ud In the second half period of larval development, CA-implantation raises the respiratory rate, as estimated by measuring oxygen consumption. During adult development no significant influence of CA-implantation on respiration was established. Relations between the amount of food digested, the efficiency of conversion of digested food into body substance, and the respiratory activity are discussed

Topics: Biologie
Year: 1974
OAI identifier: oai:dspace.library.uu.nl:1874/18625
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