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Differential scanning calorimetry on mixtures of lecithin, lysolecithin and cholesterol

By W.E. Klopfenstein, B. de Kruyff, A.J. Verkleij, R.A. Demel and L.L.M. van Deenen


The effect of increasing concentrations of lysolecithin (1-palmitoyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphorylcholine) on the gel → liquid crystal thermal transition of lecithin (1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphorylcholine) in the aqueous phase was studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Lysolecithin showed an endothermic transition at 3.4°C whereas the transition of the lecithin occurred at 42°C. No phase separation could be observed calorimetrically at lysolecithin concentrations up to 60 mol%. Freeze etch electron microscopy showed that mixtures containing as much as 50 mol% lysolecithin exist in a lamellar phase. The lysolecithin was found to cause an initial slight increase in the enthalpy of transition followed by a gradual decrease. The enthalpy increased again at very high lysolecithin concentrations. The lysolecithin also caused a non-linear decrease in the temperature at which the lecithin transition took place.\ud \ud Cholesterol was found to decrease the enthalpy of transition of the lysolecithin, eliminating it at a concentration of 50 mol%. Cholesterol caused an increase in the temperature at which the lysolecithin transition took place

Topics: Scheikunde
Year: 1974
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