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Alfalfa contains substantial 9-hydroperoxide lyase activity and a 3Z:2E-enal isomerase

By J.F.G. Vliegenthart, M.A. Noordermeer and G.A. Veldink


Fatty acid hydroperoxides formed by lipoxygenase can be cleaved by hydroperoxide lyase resulting in the formation of short-chain aldehydes and omega-oxo acids. Plant hydroperoxide lyases use 13- or 9-hydroperoxy linoleic and linolenic acid as substrates. Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) has been reported to contain a hydroperoxide lyase specific for 13-hydroperoxy linoleic and linolenic acid only. However, in addition to 13-hydroperoxide lyase activity we found substantial 9-hydroperoxide lyase activity in alfalfa seedlings as well. The specific activity for 9-hydroperoxy fatty acids was about 50% of the activity for the 13-isomers. Furthermore, alfalfa seedlings contain a 3Z:2E-enal isomerase that converts the 3Z-enal products to their 2E-enal isoforms

Topics: Scheikunde
Year: 1999
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