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Nerve function and oxidative stress in diabetic and vitamin E deficient rats

By W.H. Gispen, P.S. van Dam, B.S. van Asbeck, B. Bravenboer, J.F.L.M. van Oirschot and J.J. Marx

Abstract

Nerve dysfunction in diabetes is associated with increased oxidative stress. Vitamin E depletion also leads to enhanced presence of reactive oxygen species (ROS). We compared systemic and endoneurial ROS activity and nerve conduction in vitamin E-depleted control and streptozotocin-diabetic rats (CE− and DE−), and in normally fed control and diabetic animals (CE+ and DE+). Nerve conduction was reduced in both diabetic groups. Vitamin E depletion caused a small further nerve conduction deficit in the diabetic, but not in the control animals. The combination of vitamin E deficiency and streptozotocin-diabetes (group DE−) appeared to be lethal. In the remaining groups, an important rise in sciatic nerve malondialdehyde (MDA) was observed in the vitamin E-depleted control rats. In contrast, plasma MDA levels were elevated in group DE+ only, whereas hydrogen peroxide levels were increased in group CE−. Endoneurial total and oxidized glutathione and catalase were predominantly elevated in group DE+. These data show that nerve lipid peroxidation induced by vitamin E depletion does not lead to reduced nerve conduction or changes in antioxidant concentrations as observed in STZ-diabetes. The marked systemic changes in MDA and antioxidants suggest that nerve dysfunction in experimental hyperglycemia is rather a consequence of systemic than direct nerve damage

Topics: Geneeskunde
Year: 1997
OAI identifier: oai:dspace.library.uu.nl:1874/3907
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