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Depression and recovery of transmission at the squid giant synapse.

By K Kusano and E M Landau

Abstract

1. The process of synaptic depression and recovery were studied in the squid (Loligo pealii) giant synapse with intracellular recording and stimulating electrodes in the prescence of tetrodotoxin (10-minus 7 M). 2. When the synapse was stimulated at 50 Hz, depression occurred rapidly. Recovery after the tetanus was a first-order process with an average recovery time constant of 4-9 sec. The rate of recovery was independent of the amplitude of the post-synaptic potential (p.s.p.) or the degree of depression. 3. For the first five to seven p.s.p.s in the train there was a linear relationship between depression and the total amount of transmitter previously released. This may indicate that depression in this preparation was caused by the depletion of the presynaptic store of transmitter (S). 4. Assuming that this interpretation was correct, we could show that recovery from depression during the tetanus (i.e. 'mobilization') proceeded about 10 times faster than after the end of the tetanus. 5. When the amplitude of the p.s.p. was varied by changing the bathing calcium concentration, [Ca], the degree of depression was correlated to the amplitude of the p.s.p. 6. When the amplitude of the p.s.p. was increased by increasing pre-synaptic depolarization, synaptic depression was found to increase as well. However, synaptic depression increased less than the amplitude of the p.s.p., the relationship between these two measures being non-linear. 7. This finding is interpreted to indicate that the transmitter stores, S, are closely related to the area of the presynaptic membrane which is sufficiently depolarized to release transmitter

Topics: Research Article
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:1330842
Provided by: PubMed Central
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