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Modification of ion transport in lipid bilayer membranes in the presence of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. I. Enhancement of cationic conductance and changes of the kinetics of nonactin-mediated transport of potassium.

By P Smejtek and M Paulis-Illangasekare

Abstract

We have found that herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) has the ability to increase the rate of transport of positive ions of several kinds, and to inhibit transport of negatively charged tetraphenylborate ions in lipid bilayer membranes. It has been found that only the neutral form of 2,4-D is transport active, whereas the ionized from of 2,4-D does not modify transport of ions, and does not by itself permeate through lipid membranes. The results suggest that the enhancement of transport of positively charged ions such as tetraphenylarsonium + and nonactin-K+ is dominated by the increase of the ion translocation rate constant. It has been shown that the enhancement of nonactin-mediated transport of K+ by 2,4-D can be accounted for by a simple carrier model. We have observed that a 2,4-D concentration above 3 X 10(-4) M the potassium ion transport in phosphatidylcholine-cholesterol as well as in cholesterol-free glycerolmonooleate membranes is enhanced to such a degree that, depending upon the concentration of potassium ions, it becomes limited by the rate of recombination of K+ with nonactin, and/or by backdiffusion of unloaded nonactin molecules. Furthermore, the effect of 2,4-D is enhanced by ionic strength of aqueous solution. From the changes of kinetic parameters of nonactin-K+ transport, as well as from the changes of membranes conductance due to tetraphenylarsonium + ions, we have estimated the changes of the electrical potential of the membrane interior. We have found that the potential of the interior of the membrane becomes more negative in the presence of 2,4-D, and that its change is proportional to the aqueous concentration of 2,4-D. The effect of 2,4-D on ion transport has been attributed to a layer of 2,4-D molecules absorbed within the interfacial region, and having a dipole moment directed toward the aqueous medium. The results of kinetic studied of nonactin-K+ transport suggest that this layer is located on the hydrocarbon side of the interface

Topics: Research Article
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:1328563
Provided by: PubMed Central
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