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Circulating adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein levels are independently associated with heart failure

By M Zhou, Y Bao, W Jia, M Liu, H Li, A Xu, H Zhang, W Zhu, J Zhang and Z Xu

Abstract

A-FABP (adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein), one of the most abundant proteins in adipocytes, plays a key role in obesity-related insulin resistance, inflammation and atherosclerosis in animals. In the present study, we sought to investigate the association of A-FABP with HF (heart failure) in Chinese subjects. Serum A-FABP levels were measured in 252 HF patients and 261 age-, gender- and BMI (body mass index)-matched non-HF subjects. Echocardiography was performed on each patient. The severity of HF was determined by the NYHA (New York Heart Association) classification system. After adjustments for age, gender and BMI, serum A-FABP concentrations in patients with HF were significantly higher than in non-HF patients [11.17 (6.63-19.93) ng/ml compared with 5.67 (3.20-8.87) ng/ml; P<0.001] and significantly progressed with the NYHA class (P<0.001). In addition, NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide) was independently and positively correlated with A-FABP (standardized beta=0.340, P<0.001) after adjusting for confounding factors. Each echocardiographic parameter, especially LVEF (left ventricular ejection fraction), was independently associated with A-FABP (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that A-FABP concentration was an independent risk factor for HF [odds ratio, 6.93 (95% confidence interval, 2.49-19.30); P<0.001]. Our results demonstrate that A-FABP is closely associated with HF, and raise the possibility that increased A-FABP may be causally related to the pathogenesis of heart dysfunction in humans

Topics: Heart Failure - blood, Analysis of Variance, Anthropometry, Body Mass Index, Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins - blood
Publisher: 'Portland Press Ltd.'
Year: 2013
DOI identifier: 10.1042/CS20120004
OAI identifier: oai:hub.hku.hk:10722/197233
Provided by: HKU Scholars Hub
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