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Direct measurements and parameterisation of aerosol flux, concentration and emission velocity above a city

By J. R. Dorsey, E. Nemitz, M. W. Gallagher, D. Fowler, P. I. Williams, K. N. Bower and K. M. Beswick

Abstract

Articles have recently been published on aerosol size distributions and number concentrations in cities, however there have been no studies on transport of these particles. Eddy covariance measurements of vertical transport of aerosol in the size range 11 nm<Dp<3 μm are presented here. The analysis shows that typical average aerosol number fluxes in this size range vary between 9000 and 90,000 cm−2 s−1. With concentrations between 3000 and 20,000 cm−3 this leads to estimates of particle emission velocity between 20 and 75 mm s−1. The relationships between number flux and traffic activity, along with emission velocity and boundary layer stability are demonstrated and parameterised. These are used to derive an empirical parameterisation for aerosol concentration in terms of traffic activity and stability. The main processes determining urban aerosol fluxes and concentrations are discussed and quantified where possible. The difficulties in parameterising urban activity are discusse

Topics: Ecology and Environment, Atmospheric Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2002
DOI identifier: 10.1016/S1352-2310(01)00526-X
OAI identifier: oai:nora.nerc.ac.uk:3645
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