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Correction of abnormal small intestinal cytosolic protein kinase C activity in streptozotocin-induced diabetes by insulin therapy.

By R K Wali, P K Dudeja, M J Bolt, M D Sitrin and T A Brasitus

Abstract

Diabetes was induced in rats by administration of a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (50 mg/kg body wt). After 7 days, one group of diabetic animals was treated with insulin for an additional 5 days. Control, diabetic and diabetic + insulin rats were then killed, their distal small intestines were removed and the epithelial cells were examined and compared with respect to polyphosphoinositide turnover, total protein kinase C activity and cellular distribution, and 1,2-diacylglycerol mass and production. The results of these experiments demonstrated that, compared with their control counterparts, the intestines from diabetic rats had a decreased turnover of polyphosphoinositides, but an increase in 1,2-diacylglycerol mass which was a result, at least in part, of an increase in the synthesis of this lipid de novo. Total protein kinase C activity was decreased in the diabetic rats due to a decrease in cytosolic activity, with no significant change in particulate activity. Moreover, insulin administration for 5 days to diabetic animals did not affect their lowered intestinal polyphosphoinositide turnover, but did further accentuate their increased 1,2-diacylglycerol mass and synthesis de novo; this treatment also corrected total protein kinase C activity by increasing the cytosolic activity of this enzyme. These results indicate that signalling mechanisms involving polyphosphoinositides, 1,2-diacylglycerol and protein kinase C are abnormal in the intestines of diabetic rats and that some of these biochemical parameters can be modulated by insulin administration in vivo

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1990
DOI identifier: 10.1042/bj2720653
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:1149758
Provided by: PubMed Central
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