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Kinetic trapping of intermediates of the scallop heavy meromyosin adenosine triphosphatase reaction revealed by formycin nucleotides.

By A P Jackson and C R Bagshaw


The kinetics of interaction of formycin nucleotides with scallop myosin subfragments were investigated by exploiting the fluorescence signal of the ligand. Formycin triphosphate gives a 5-fold enhancement of the emission intensity on binding to heavy meromyosin, and the profile indicates that the kinetics of binding are Ca2+-insensitive. In contrast, the subsequent product-release steps show a marked degree of regulation by Ca2+. In the absence of Ca2+ formycin triphosphate turnover by the unregulated and the regulated heavy meromyosin fractions are clearly resolved, the latter showing a fluorescence decay rate of 0.002 s-1, corresponding to the Pi-release step. In the presence of Ca2+ this step is activated 50-fold. Formycin diphosphate release is also regulated by Ca2+, being activated from 0.008 s-1 to 5 s-1. In contrast with protein tryptophan fluorescence [Jackson & Bagshaw (1988) Biochem. J. 251, 515-526], formycin fluorescence is sensitive to conformational changes that occur subsequent to the binding step and demonstrate, directly, an effect of Ca2+ on both forward and reverse rate constants. Apart from a decrease in the apparent second-order association rate constants, formycin derivatives appear to mimic adenosine nucleotides closely in their interaction with scallop heavy meromyosin and provide a spectroscopic handle on steps that are optically silent with respect to protein fluorescence. A novel mechanism is discussed in which regulation of the formycin triphosphate activity by Ca2+ involves kinetic trapping of product complexes

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1988
DOI identifier: 10.1042/bj2510527
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
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