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Inhibition of hydroxyapatite formation in collagen gels by chondroitin sulphate.

By G K Hunter, B L Allen, M D Grynpas and P T Cheng

Abstract

Crystal growth in native collagen gels has been used to determine the role of extracellular matrix macromolecules in biological calcification phenomena. In this system, type I collagen gels containing sodium phosphate and buffered at pH 7.4 are overlayed with a solution containing CaCl2. Crystals form in the collagen gel adjacent to the gel-solution interface. Conditions were determined which permit the growth of crystals of hydroxyapatite [Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2]. At a Ca/P molar ratio of 2:1, the minimum concentrations of calcium and phosphate necessary for precipitation of hydroxyapatite are 10 mM and 5 mM, respectively. Under these conditions, precipitation is initiated at 18-24h, and is maximal between 24h and 6 days. Addition of high concentrations of chondroitin 4-sulphate inhibits the formation of hydroxyapatite in collagen gels; initiation of precipitation is delayed, and the final (equilibrium) amount of precipitation is decreased. Inhibition of hydroxyapatite formation requires concentrations of chondroitin sulphate higher than those required to inhibit calcium pyrophosphate crystal formation

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1985
DOI identifier: 10.1042/bj2280463
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:1145004
Provided by: PubMed Central
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