Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Comparison of the time courses of insulin and the portal signal on hepatic glucose and glycogen metabolism in the conscious dog.

By M J Pagliassotti, L C Holste, M C Moore, D W Neal and A D Cherrington

Abstract

To investigate the temporal response of the liver to insulin and portal glucose delivery, somatostatin was infused into four groups of 42-h-fasted, conscious dogs (n = 6/group), basal insulin and glucagon were replaced intraportally, and hyperglycemia was created via a peripheral glucose infusion for 90 min (period 1). This was followed by a 240-min experimental period (period 2) in which hyperglycemia was matched to period 1 and either no changes were made (CON), a fourfold rise in insulin was created (INS), a portion of the glucose (22.4 mumol.kg-1.min-1) was infused via the portal vein (Po), or a fourfold rise in insulin was created in combination with portal glucose infusion (INSPo). Arterial insulin levels were similar in all groups during period 1 (approximately 45 pM) and were 45 +/- 9, 154 +/- 20, 43 +/- 7, and 128 +/- 14 pM during period 2 in CON, INS, Po, and INSPo, respectively. The hepatic glucose load was similar between periods and among groups (approximately 278 mumol.kg-1.min-1). Net hepatic glucose output was similar among groups during period 1 (approximately 0.1 mumol.kg-1.min-1) and did not change significantly in CON during period 2. In INS net hepatic glucose uptake (NHGU; mumol.kg-1.min-1) was -3.8 +/- 3.3 at 15 min of period 2 and did not reach a maximum (-15.9 +/- 6.6) until 90 min. In contrast, NHGU reached a maximum of -13.0 +/- 3.7 in Po after only 15 min of period 2. In INSPo, NHGU reached a maximum (-23.6 +/- 3.5) at 60 min. Liver glycogen accumulation during period 2 was 21 +/- 10, 84 +/- 17, 65 +/- 16, and 134 +/- 17 mumol/gram in CON, INS, Po, and INSPo, respectively. The increment (period 1 to period 2) in the active form of liver glycogen synthase was 0.7 +/- 0.4, 6.5 +/- 1.2, 2.8 +/- 1.0, and 8.5 +/- 1.3% in CON, INS, Po, and INSPo, respectively. Thus, in contrast to insulin, the portal signal rapidly activates NHGU. In addition, the portal signal independent of a rise in insulin, can cause glycogen accumulation in the liver

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1996
DOI identifier: 10.1172/jci118410
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:507065
Provided by: PubMed Central
Sorry, our data provider has not provided any external links therefore we are unable to provide a link to the full text.

Suggested articles


To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.