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Use of Fluorescent Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism for Molecular Epidemiology of Leptospirosis in India

By P. Vijayachari, Niyaz Ahmed, A. P. Sugunan, Sheikh Ghousunnissa, K. Rajender Rao, Seyed E. Hasnain and Subhash C. Sehgal

Abstract

Nineteen isolates of leptospires recovered from patients during three epidemics that occurred at different places and different times in the Andaman Islands and eight isolates from sporadic cases were characterized using serological and molecular genetic techniques. Group sera and monoclonal antibodies were used for antigenic characterization, whereas fluorescent amplified fragment length polymorphism (FAFLP) was used for genotyping. Of the 27 isolates, 19 were identified as belonging to serogroup Grippotyphosa, 3 belonged to serogroup Australis, 2 belonged to serogroup Icterohaemorrhagiae, and 1 each belonged to serogroups Hebdomadis, Canicola, and Sejroe. Analysis of FAFLP data grouped these 27 isolates into two main clusters of genotypes. One of the clusters, populated by 19 isolates, included 16 outbreak isolates. Seven of these 19 isolates belonged to serovar Ratnapura, 10 belonged to serovar Valbuzzi, and 1 each belonged to serovar Grippotyphosa and serovar Saxkoebing. Of the 27 patients from whom isolates were obtained, 9 had severe illness, and 6 of these 9 patients had pulmonary involvement, 1 had pulmonary and hepatorenal involvement, and the remaining 2 had hepatorenal involvement alone. Two patients out of the nine severe cases died subsequently. The isolates from sporadic cases showed great genetic diversity and were also diverse antigenically. Perhaps the strains belonging to a dominant genotype (the outbreak-associated cluster) possessed epidemic potential and higher virulence with a greater predilection to cause pulmonary complications than strains belonging to other genetic backgrounds

Topics: Bacteriology
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Year: 2004
DOI identifier: 10.1128/JCM.42.8.3575-3580.2004
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:497643
Provided by: PubMed Central
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