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Human immunodeficiency virus-infected adherent cell-derived inhibitory factor (p29) inhibits normal T cell proliferation through decreased expression of high affinity interleukin-2 receptors and production of interleukin-2.

By A Ammar, Y Sahraoui, A Tsapis, A M Bertoli, C Jasmin and V Georgoulias

Abstract

Adherent cells from HIV-infected subjects as well as in vitro HIV-infected normal adherent cells produce spontaneously a 29-kD (p29) factor that inhibits mitogen-induced proliferation of normal T cells. p29 mediates a partial dose-dependent inhibition of total protein synthesis in both nonstimulated and PHA-activated cells that is associated with impaired PHA-induced expression of IL-2 receptor (IL-2R)alpha chain, HLA-class II molecules, and production of IL-2 by these cells; conversely, p29 does not modify the expression of IL-2R beta chain, 4F2, CD9, or transferrin receptor, or the production of IL-1 and TNF alpha by the cells. 1 h preincubation of the cells with p29 is sufficient to detect its biologic activity and added rIL-2 abrogates p29-induced inhibition of IL-2R alpha chain expression; however, p29 does not display any biologic effect on already expressed IL-2R alpha chains. The impaired expression of IL-2R alpha chain mediated by p29 is not due to a decreased accumulation of the corresponding mRNA transcripts, but is associated with a two-fold increase of intracellular cAMP. Binding experiments with 125I-rIL-2 reveals that p29 induces a 50% decrease in the number of both high and low affinity IL-2R per cell. p29 also inhibits alloantigen-induced proliferation of PBMC, whereas it does not modify IL-2-dependent proliferation of 48-h PHA-blasts that already express high affinity IL-2R. These findings indicate that p29 mediates its biologic activity during early stages of T cell activation affecting the expression of high affinity IL-2R and production of IL-2, through a nontranscriptional mechanism involving an increase of intracellular cAMP

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1992
DOI identifier: 10.1172/jci115859
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:443056
Provided by: PubMed Central
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