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Proliferation-dependent HIV-1 infection of monocytes occurs during differentiation into macrophages.

By H Schuitemaker, N A Kootstra, M H Koppelman, S M Bruisten, H G Huisman, M Tersmette and F Miedema

Abstract

Requirements for the establishment of productive infection with the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in primary monocytes were investigated. In vitro, monocytes rendered susceptible for infection after at least a 2-d culture, but when cultured in the presence of differentiation-inducing agent IL-4, accelerated susceptibility was seen. Complete resistance to HIV-1 infection was observed in monocytes that had been treated for 5 d with rIL-4, and comparable results were obtained with other differentiation inducers such as dexamethasone or 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2vitD3). The inhibition of productive infection was not caused by downregulation of CD4 expression or HIV-1 transcription, nor by intracellular accumulation of virions. Since treatment with rIL-4, dexamethasone, or 1,25(OH)2vitD3 also resulted in complete inhibition of monocyte proliferation, we studied whether establishment of productive infection in monocytes is proliferation dependent. Irradiation or mitomycin-C treatment within 24 h after inoculation prevented productive HIV-1 infection of monocytes, suggesting a proliferation-dependent step early in the virus replication cycle. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis revealed the presence of only incomplete proviral DNA species in non-proliferating monocytes, indicating restriction of viral replication at the level of reverse transcription. Thus, in analogy with HIV-1 infection of CD4+ T cells, proliferation of monocytes during differentiation into macrophages is a prerequisite for productive infection with HIV

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1992
DOI identifier: 10.1172/jci115697
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:442973
Provided by: PubMed Central
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