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Zipper-Like Internalization of Dr-Positive Escherichia coli by Epithelial Cells Is Preceded by an Adhesin-Induced Mobilization of Raft-Associated Molecules in the Initial Step of Adhesion

By Imad Kansau, Cédric Berger, Maxime Hospital, Raymonde Amsellem, Valérie Nicolas, Alain L. Servin and Marie-Françoise Bernet-Camard

Abstract

We undertook a study of the mechanism by which Dr-positive bacteria invade epithelial cells. Our findings show that Dr-positive bacteria enter via a zipper-like mechanism that is independent of the Dr-induced mobilization of F-actin and of the signaling molecules that control Dr-induced F-actin rearrangements. We also observed that Dr-positive IH11128 bacteria entered cells that were positive for the caveola marker VIP21/caveolin (HeLa and Caco-2/Cav-1 cells) to the same extent as those that were not (parental Caco-2 cells). Using fluorescence labeling and confocal laser scanning microscopy, we provide evidence that during the adhesion step, the α5β1 integrin, which plays a pivotal role in Afa/Dr diffusely adhering Escherichia coli bacterial entry, is mobilized around adhering Dr-positive bacteria. We show that the receptor for Afa/Dr adhesins, glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored CD55; the raft marker, ganglioside GM1; and VIP21/caveolin are all recruited around adhering Dr-positive bacteria. We also observed that extracting membrane cholesterol with methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MBCD) did not affect the recruitment of CD55, GM1, or β1 integrin to adhering Dr-positive bacteria. In contrast, extracting or changing membrane-bound cholesterol by means of drugs that modify lipid rafts (MBCD, filipin III, or mevalonate plus lovastatin plus MBCD) inhibited the entry of Dr-positive IH11128 both into cells that expressed VIP21/caveolin (HeLa and Caco-2/Cav-1 cells) and into those that did not (parental Caco-2 cells). Finally, restoring cholesterol within the cell membrane of MBCD-treated cells restored Dr-positive IH11128 internalization

Topics: Cellular Microbiology: Pathogen-Host Cell Molecular Interactions
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Year: 2004
DOI identifier: 10.1128/IAI.72.7.3733-3742.2004
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:427432
Provided by: PubMed Central
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