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High-Pressure Spectral Studies of Mixed Valence Compounds of Antimony

By V. C. K. Chiu and H. G. Drickamer

Abstract

In Cs(2)SbCl(6) and related compounds antimony appears as Sb(III) and Sb(V) in alternate halide octahedra. The optical spectrum contains “mixed valence” peaks assigned to Sb(III) → Sb(V) transfer near 18 and 27 kK (cm(-1)). In addition there is a peak near 31 kK assigned to an internal transition on Sb(III) and one near 37 kK assigned to Sb(V), mixed with the absorption edge of the crystal. The mixed valence peaks shift strongly to lower energy with pressure (about 5 kK in 120 kbar), and decrease rapidly in integrated intensity, as does the Sb(III) peak near 31 kK. A new peak appears near 33-34 kK, tentatively assigned to Sb(IV). The ground state apparently transforms from Sb(III)-Sb(V) to Sb(IV)-Sb(IV) at high pressure. Similar behavior is observed for Cs(2)Sb(0.3)Sn(0.7)Cl(6) and (CH(3)CH(2)NH(3))(2)Sb(0.5)Sn(0.5)Cl(6)

Topics: Physical Sciences: Chemistry
Year: 1973
DOI identifier: 10.1073/pnas.70.11.3065
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:427170
Provided by: PubMed Central
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