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A1 and A2 adenosine receptors in rabbit cortical collecting tubule cells. Modulation of hormone-stimulated cAMP.

By L J Arend, W K Sonnenburg, W L Smith and W S Spielman


Adenosine analogs were used to investigate the cellular mechanisms by which adenosine may alter renal tubular function. Cultured rabbit cortical collecting tubule (RCCT) cells, isolated by immunodissection, were treated with 5'-N-ethylcarboxamideadenosine (NECA), N6-cyclohexyladenosine (CHA), and R-N6-phenylisopropyladenosine (PIA). All three analogs produced both dose-dependent inhibition and stimulation of RCCT cell cyclic AMP (cAMP) production. Stimulation of cAMP accumulation occurred at analog concentrations of 0.1 microM to 100 microM with the rank order of potency NECA greater than PIA greater than CHA. Inhibition occurred at concentrations of 1 nM to 1 microM with the rank order of potency CHA greater than PIA greater than NECA. These effects on cAMP production were inhibited by 1,3-diethyl-8-phenylxanthine and isobutylmethylxanthine. CHA (50 nM) blunted AVP- and isoproterenol-stimulated cAMP accumulation. This modulation of hormone-induced cAMP production was abolished by pretreatment of RCCT cells with pertussis toxin. Prostaglandin E2 production was unaffected by 0.1 mM CHA. These findings indicate the presence of both inhibitory (A1) and stimulatory (A2) receptors for adenosine in RCCT cells. Moreover, occupancy of the A1 receptor causes inhibition of both basal and hormone-stimulated cAMP formation through an action on the inhibitory guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory component, Ni, of the adenylate cyclase system

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1987
DOI identifier: 10.1172/jci112875
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
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