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Dynamers: Polyacylhydrazone reversible covalent polymers, component exchange, and constitutional diversity

By Williams G. Skene and Jean-Marie P. Lehn

Abstract

Component exchange in reversible polymers allows the generation of dynamic constitutional diversity. The polycondensation of dihydrazides with dialdehydes generates polyacylhydrazones, to which the acylhydrazone functionality formed confers both hydrogen-bonding and reversibility features through the amide and imine groups, respectively. Polyacylhydrazones are thus dynamic polyamides. They are able to reversibly exchange either one or both of their repeating monomer units in the presence of different monomers, thus presenting constitutional dynamic diversity. The polymers subjected to monomer exchange/interchange may be brought to exhibit physical properties vastly different from those of the original polymer. The principle may be extended to other important classes of polymers, giving access, for instance, to dynamic polyureas or polycarbamates. These reversible polymers are therefore able to incorporate, decorporate, or reshuffle their constituting monomers, namely in response to environmental physical or chemical factors, an adaptability feature central to constitutional dynamic chemistry

Topics: Physical Sciences
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Year: 2004
DOI identifier: 10.1073/pnas.0401885101
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:420383
Provided by: PubMed Central
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