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Markers for Detergent-resistant Lipid Rafts Occupy Distinct and Dynamic Domains in Native Membranes

By Bridget S. Wilson, Stanly L. Steinberg, Karin Liederman, Janet R. Pfeiffer, Zurab Surviladze, Jun Zhang, Lawrence E. Samelson, Li-hong Yang, Paul G. Kotula and Janet M. Oliver


Lipid rafts isolated by detergent extraction and sucrose gradient fractionation from mast cells are enriched for the glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked protein Thy-1, the ganglioside GM1, palmitoylated LAT, and cross-linked IgE receptors, FcεRI. This study addresses the relationship of fractionation data to the organization of raft markers in native membranes. Immunogold labeling and electron microscopy shows there is little or no colocalization of the raft markers Thy-1, GM1, and LAT with each other or with FcεRI on native membrane sheets prepared from unstimulated cells. External cross-linking of Thy-1 promotes coclustering of Thy-1 with LAT, but not with GM1. Thy-1 and LAT clusters occur on membrane regions without distinctive features. In contrast, external cross-linking of FcεRI and GM1 causes their redistribution to electron-dense membrane patches independently of each other and of Thy-1. The distinctive patches that accumulate cross-linked FcεRI and GM1 also accumulate osmium, a stain for unsaturated lipids, and are sites for coated vesicle budding. Electron microscopy reveals a more complex and dynamic topographical organization of membrane microdomains than is predicted by biochemical analysis of detergent-resistant membranes

Topics: Articles
Publisher: The American Society for Cell Biology
Year: 2004
DOI identifier: 10.1091/mbc.E03-08-0574
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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