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Lessons from border cell migration in the Drosophila ovary: A role for myosin VI in dissemination of human ovarian cancer

By Hiroyuki Yoshida, Wenjun Cheng, Jamie Hung, Denise Montell, Erika Geisbrecht, Daniel Rosen, Jinsong Liu and Honami Naora

Abstract

Dissemination of ovarian cancer is a major clinical challenge and is poorly understood at the molecular level due to a lack of suitable experimental models. During normal development of the Drosophila ovary, a dynamic process called border cell migration occurs that resembles the migratory behavior of human ovarian cancer cells. In this study, we found that myosin VI, a motor protein that regulates border cell migration, is abundantly expressed in high-grade ovarian carcinomas but not in normal ovary and ovarian cancers that behave indolently. Inhibiting myosin VI expression in high-grade ovarian carcinoma cells impeded cell spreading and migration in vitro. Optical imaging and histopathologic studies revealed that inhibiting myosin VI expression reduces tumor dissemination in nude mice. Therefore, using genetic analysis of border cell migration in Drosophila is a powerful approach to identify novel molecules that promote ovarian cancer dissemination and represent potential therapeutic targets

Topics: Biological Sciences
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Year: 2004
DOI identifier: 10.1073/pnas.0400400101
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:419571
Provided by: PubMed Central
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