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Consequences of cell membrane attack by complement: release of arachidonate and formation of inflammatory derivatives.

By D K Imagawa, N E Osifchin, W A Paznekas, M L Shin and M M Mayer


Treatment of [3H]arachidonic acid [( 3H]C20:4)-labeled and antibody-sensitized Ehrlich ascites tumor cells with guinea pig or rabbit serum complement (C) released up to about 20 or 25% of the incorporated [3H]C20:4 into the aqueous phase as a consequence of C-induced hydrolysis of cellular phospholipid. The dose-response curve of release of [3H]C20:4 from Ehrlich ascites tumor cells, with respect to C, was approximately in the same range as the cytolytic response. In the case of [3H]C20:4-labeled and antibody-sensitized peritoneal mouse macrophages, treatment with C induced release of about 11% of the incorporated 3H as C20:4 and about 6% as prostaglandins, thromboxane B2, and hydroxyicosatetraenoic acids. C6- and C8-deficient rabbit and human sera, respectively, induced release of small amounts of [3H]C20:4 from Ehrlich ascites tumor cells and macrophages; these deficient sera also released traces of oxygenated derivatives from macrophages. Addition of purified C6 or C8 effectively restored release from both cell types, indicating that the terminal C proteins, up to and including C8, are required for the major part of the release. Our results do not rule out a possible requirement for C9

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1983
DOI identifier: 10.1073/pnas.80.21.6647
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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