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The specific induction of myc protooncogene expression in normal human B cells is not a sufficient event for acquisition of competence to proliferate.

By E Smeland, T Godal, E Ruud, K Beiske, S Funderud, E A Clark, S Pfeifer-Ohlsson and R Ohlsson


Resting human B cells can be activated to proliferate in the presence of both polyclonal antibodies to immunoglobulin mu heavy chains and B-cell growth factor (BCGF). This process appears to be temporally controlled in that the initial activation of the B cells and their responsiveness to BCGF is carried out by polyclonal anti-mu-chain antibodies alone. We have used this system to investigate the role of the c-myc gene in the cell cycle of normal human peripheral blood B cells. Our results show that the polyclonal anti-mu-chain antibody-induced B-cell activation is accompanied by a specific induction of c-myc gene expression without promoting subsequent entry into the S phase unless BCGF is added. Monoclonal antibodies to either mu chain or the pan-B-cell antigen Bp35 also revealed a similar G0-to-G1 transition and activation of c-myc gene expression. However, unlike activation with polyclonal anti-mu-chain antibodies, cells stimulated with these monoclonal antibodies do not acquire responsiveness to BCGF. The results imply that additional inducible functions must be present to potentiate the myc-specific function in order for the B cells to acquire the capacity to proliferate in response to BCGF. These findings are discussed in relation to the origin of B-cell malignancies

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1985
DOI identifier: 10.1073/pnas.82.18.6255
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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