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A unique subspecies of histone H4 mRNA from rat myoblasts contains poly(A).

By R C Bird, F A Jacobs, G Stein, J Stein and B H Sells

Abstract

Fractionation of rat L6 myoblast histone H4 mRNA into its three component subspecies revealed that one of the major subspecies (H4-1) contained poly(A). The unique poly(A)+ H4 mRNA makes up about 8% of the total polysomal H4 mRNA population detected. Unlike the poly(A)- histone mRNAs, whose levels are reduced by greater than 95% when myoblasts differentiate into myotubes, the poly(A)+ subspecies is reduced by only 70%. The poly(A)+ H4 mRNA from myotubes incubated with actinomycin D decays with a half-life of 37-42 min, which is similar to that obtained for the poly(A)- H4 mRNAs in myoblasts. Both the poly(A)+ and poly(A)- subspecies decay at an increased rate after inhibition of DNA synthesis. In myoblasts the poly(A)+ H4 mRNA exists almost exclusively in the polysomal compartment (greater than 95%) with little (less than 5%) in the free ribonucleoprotein (mRNA-protein or mRNP) complex compartment of the cell. Poly(A)- histone H4 mRNA subspecies, on the other hand, are distributed with approximately 80% in the polysomal compartment and 20% in the free mRNP complex compartment. The unique poly(A)+ H4 mRNA is unusual, not only in that it contains poly(A) but also in its behavior compared to poly(A)- H4 mRNAs during terminal differentiation

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1985
DOI identifier: 10.1073/pnas.82.20.6760
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:390766
Provided by: PubMed Central
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