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Transformation of salivary gland secretion protein gene Sgs-4 in Drosophila: stage- and tissue-specific regulation, dosage compensation, and position effect.

By A Krumm, G E Roth and G Korge


The Sgs-4 gene of Drosophila melanogaster encodes one of the larval secretion proteins and is active only in salivary glands at the end of larval development. This gene lies in the X chromosome and is controlled by dosage compensation--i.e., the gene is hyperexpressed in males. Therefore, males with one X chromosome produce nearly as much Sgs-4 products as females with two X chromosomes. We used a 4.9-kilobase-pair (kb) DNA fragment containing the Sgs-4d coding region embedded in 2.6 kb of upstream sequences and 1.3 kb of downstream sequences for P-element-mediated transformation of the Sgs-4h underproducer strain Kochi-R. Sgs-4d gene expression was found in all 15 transformed lines analyzed, varying with the site of chromosomal integration. The transposed gene was subject to tissue- and stage-specific regulation. At X-chromosomal sites, the levels of gene expression were similar in both sexes, signifying dosage compensation. At autosomal sites, it was on average 1.5 times higher in males than in females. The results indicate that the transforming DNA fragment contains all sequences necessary for tissue- and stage-specific regulation and for hyperexpression in males

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1985
DOI identifier: 10.1073/pnas.82.15.5055
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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