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High-resolution chronostratigraphy of the Cerro Barcino Formation (Patagonia): Paleobiologic implications for the mid-cretaceous dinosaur-rich fauna of South America

By Javier Marcelo Krause, Jahandar Ramezani, Aldo Martin Umazano, Diego Pol, José Luis Carballido, Juliana Sterli, Pablo Puerta, Néstor Rubén Cúneo and Eduardo Sergio Bellosi

Abstract

The Cretaceous Cerro Barcino Formation (Chubut Group) of Central Patagonia, Argentina has yielded a remarkable fossil vertebrate fauna, which form important components of the South American “mid-Cretaceous” fauna, including titanosauriform sauropod dinosaurs, theropod dinosaurs, crocodyliforms, turtles, and lepidosauromorphs. However, a lack of robust chronostratigraphic framework for its fossil occurrences has so far hampered a full realization of their paleobiologic significance. This contribution presents new stratigraphic, sedimentologic, and U-Pb isotopic age data from 11 localities throughout the Patagonian Somuncurá-Canadón Asfalto Basin and analyzes the evolutionary characteristics of the Cerro Barcino fauna within the biostratigraphic context of the Cretaceous of Gondwana. Four new high-precision 206Pb/238U zircon dates by the CA-ID-TIMS method range from 118.497 ± 0.063 Ma to 98.466 ± 0.048 Ma (2σ internal errors) and limits the Puesto La Paloma, Cerro Castaño and Las Plumas members of the Cerro Barcino Formation largely to the Aptian, Albian and Cenomanian stages of the Cretaceous, respectively. Accordingly, the majority of the Cerro Barcino vertebrates fall within a ~118–110 Ma time interval in the latest Early Cretaceous, which makes them the oldest documented component of the “mid-Cretaceous” faunal assemblage of Gondwana. Paleobiologic analyses of the latter assemblage suggests a ~10 m.y. period of faunistic stability characterized by only minor evolutionary novelties or faunal turnovers.Fil: Krause, Javier Marcelo. Museo Paleontológico Egidio Feruglio; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de Río Negro; ArgentinaFil: Ramezani, Jahandar. Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Estados UnidosFil: Umazano, Aldo Martin. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra y Ambientales de La Pampa. Universidad Nacional de La Pampa. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra y Ambientales de La Pampa; ArgentinaFil: Pol, Diego. Museo Paleontológico Egidio Feruglio; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; ArgentinaFil: Carballido, José Luis. Museo Paleontológico Egidio Feruglio; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; ArgentinaFil: Sterli, Juliana. Museo Paleontológico Egidio Feruglio; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; ArgentinaFil: Puerta, Pablo. Museo Paleontológico Egidio Feruglio; ArgentinaFil: Cúneo, Néstor Rubén. Museo Paleontológico Egidio Feruglio; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; ArgentinaFil: Bellosi, Eduardo Sergio. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia"; Argentin

Topics: Cretaceous, Geochronology, Paleontology, Patagonia, Paleontología, Ciencias de la Tierra y relacionadas con el Medio Ambiente, CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Publisher: 'Elsevier BV'
Year: 2020
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.gr.2019.10.005
OAI identifier: oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/114746
Provided by: CONICET Digital
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