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Ticarcillin-clavulanic acid pharmacokinetics in preterm neonates with presumed sepsis.

By A H Burstein, L E Wyble, P Gal, P R Diaz, J L Ransom, R Q Carlos and A Forrest

Abstract

The objective of the reported study was to characterize the pharmacokinetics of ticarcillin and clavulanic acid in premature low-birth-weight (less than 2,200 g) neonates with presumed sepsis. Eleven infants received 12 courses of ticarcillin-clavulanic acid at 75 mg/kg of body weight intravenously every 12 h. Blood samples were collected at 0.5, 1.5, 4, and 8 h following the infusion of the initial dose. The concentrations of ticarcillin and clavulanic acid were determined by a microbiologic assay. Median (interpatient coefficients of variation) values for the volume of the central compartment, total steady-state volume, distributional clearance, total clearance, and terminal elimination half-life for ticarcillin were 0.030 liter/kg (21%), 0.26 liter/kg (48%), 0.41 liter/h/kg (47%), 0.047 liter/h/kg (47%), and 4.2 h (45%), respectively. For clavulanic acid the parameters were 0.28 liter/kg (32%), 0.36 liter/kg (34%), 11 liters/h/kg (36%), 0.12 liters/h/kg (72%), and 1.95 h (40%), respectively. Our results suggest that the current dosing recommendations of 75 mg/kg every 12 h risk subtherapeutic clavulanic acid concentrations and that 50 mg/kg every 6 h is a more rational dosing strategy

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1994
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:284678
Provided by: PubMed Central
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