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Electron microscopy of vitrified-hydrated La Crosse virus.

By Y Talmon, B V Prasad, J P Clerx, G J Wang, W Chiu and M J Hewlett


La Crosse (LAC) virions were cryopreserved by rapid freezing in a thin layer of vitreous ice. The vitrified-hydrated LAC virions were subsequently imaged at -170 degrees C in a transmission electron microscope equipped with a low-temperature specimen holder. This cryoelectron microscopic technique eliminates the artifacts frequently associated with negative staining. Images of vitrified-hydrated LAC virions clearly revealed surface spikes as well as bilayer structure. Size measurements of the vitrified-hydrated LAC virions showed heterogeneity, with diameters ranging from 75 to 115 nm. Regardless of the particle size, the spike was about 10 nm long, and the bilayer was about 4 nm thick. The spikes are interpreted to be one or both of the glycoproteins, and the bilayer is interpreted to be the membrane envelope of the virus. In contrast to the pleomorphic appearance of the negatively stained LAC virions, the vitrified-hydrated LAC virions showed uniform spherical shapes regardless of their sizes

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1987
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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