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Mutation of a site of tyrosine phosphorylation in the lymphocyte-specific tyrosine protein kinase, p56lck, reveals its oncogenic potential in fibroblasts.

By K E Amrein and B M Sefton


p56lck, a cellular tyrosine protein kinase (EC of the src family, is expressed in essentially all T cells and in some B cells. Expression in nonlymphoid cells is observed only rarely. We have found that mutation of a carboxyl-terminal phosphorylation site, tyrosine-505, reveals an oncogenic activity of this protein. Infection of fibroblasts with a retrovirus encoding wild-type p56lck is without consequence. In contrast, infection with a virus encoding the mutant protein leads to greatly increased phosphorylation of cellular proteins on tyrosine, morphological transformation, and anchorage-independent growth. This suggests that the tyrosine protein kinase activity and the oncogenic potential of p56lck are normally suppressed in vivo by phosphorylation of tyrosine-505. Since similar results were obtained previously with an analogous mutant of c-src, our results suggest that the protein kinase activity of all members of the src family of cytoplasmic tyrosine protein kinases will prove to be regulated by tyrosine phosphorylation at a conserved residue near the carboxyl terminus. Because p56lck is normally expressed only in lymphoid cells, it was possible that p56lck would be without effect in other tissues. The transformation of fibroblasts by mutant p56lck shows that this lymphoid protein can interact productively with nonlymphoid polypeptide substrates

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1988
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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