A synthetic random polymer of threonine and glutamate (1:4.4) is readily phosphorylated by protein kinase P but not by five other protein-serine (threonine) kinases. A synthetic random polymer of serine and arginine (1:3) is readily phosphorylated by protein kinase A and protein kinase C but not by protein kinase P. Although the amino acid sequences surrounding the phosphorylated serine (threonine) residue have been demonstrated in studies with small synthetic polypeptides to be decisive factors in the rate at which they are phosphorylated, the findings with the large synthetic polypeptides suggest that in the case of proteins the size, the tertiary structure, and particularly the electrostatic interactions are equally or more important contributing factors. Syringomycin, a toxin from Pseudomonas syringae, and polymyxin B, from Bacillus polymyxa, stimulate protein kinase P, strongly inhibit protein kinase C, and have no effect on protein kinase A. Basic polypeptides with high lysine content are phosphorylated by ATP nonenzymatically
To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.