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Fluorescent-antibody reagents for the identification of Clostridium botulinum.

By C Glasby and C L Hatheway


Fluorescent-antibody reagents were prepared against vegetative cells of representative strains of each physiological group and toxin type of Clostridium botulinum known to have caused botulism in humans. A fluorescent-antibody reagent was also prepared for C. botulinum type G, which has been isolated from autopsy specimens but which has not clearly been implicated in botulism. These fluorescent-antibody reagents were evaluated against 200 strains of C. botulinum and 64 strains of other clostridia. Each reagent reacted with at least a 2+ intensity with all of the strains in its same toxin type and physiological group. Ninety-seven percent of the strains gave at least a 3+ reaction with the homologous group or toxin type reagent. Some cross-reactions occurred with reagents against different toxin type strains within a physiological group; there was less cross-reaction between physiological groups and very little reactivity of C. botulinum reagents with nontoxigenic organisms. Absorption of cross-reacting antibodies was not successful. Certain reagents could be used for presumptive laboratory identification of C. botulinum strains causing botulism, especially in infants. The type G reagent provided a good means of identifying C. botulinum type G, which lacks the lipase marker and whose toxigenicity may be more difficult to demonstrate in mixed cultures. There was a serological relationship between C. botulinum type G and some strains of Clostridium subterminale. This relationship provided evidence of differences between strains of C. botulinum type G isolated in two different countries

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1983
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:272912
Provided by: PubMed Central
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