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Influence of Atomic Roughness at The Uncompensated Fe/CoO (111) Interface on Exchange Bias Effect

By Rui Wu, Mingzhu Xue, Tuhin Maity, Yuxuan Peng, Samir Kumar Giri, Guang Tian, Judith L. MacManus-Driscoll and Jinbo Yang

Abstract

The effect of interface roughness of ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic layers on exchange bias is still not well understood. In this report we have investigated the effect of surface roughness in (111)-oriented antiferromagnetic CoO films on exchange bias with ferromagnetic Fe grown on top. The surface roughness is controlled at the atomic scale, over a range below ~ 0.35 nm, by varying layer thickness of the CoO films. It is observed that both exchange bias field ($H_{E}$) and coercivity ($H_{C}$) extensively depend on the atomic scale roughness of the CoO (111) at the interface with Fe film. An opposite dependence of $H_{E}$ and $H_{C}$ on interface roughness was found, which was ascribed to partially compensated spin states induced by the atomic roughness at the fully uncompensated CoO (111) surfaces and was corroborated using the Monte Carlo simulations. Moreover, the onset temperature for $H_{C}$ is found to be up to ~ 80 K below the blocking temperature ($T_{B}$) and the temperature dependence of $H_{C}$ follows the power law with a critical exponent equal to one, which indicates that, in this system, $H_{C}$ is more of an interface-related property than $H_{E}$

Topics: Condensed Matter - Materials Science
Publisher: 'American Physical Society (APS)'
Year: 2020
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevB.101.014425
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:2001.01320

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