An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed to detect Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) virus-specific immunoglobulin M (IgM) in human serum samples. For this test, a heat-inactivated antigen was prepared from the brains of suckling mice infected with CCHF virus. The IgM-capture ELISA proved more sensitive than indirect fluorescence tests for IgM to this virus. A human serum containing high-titer IgM to CCHF virus was used for an antigen-capture ELISA to detect this virus in heat-inactivated suspensions of virus-infected ticks. The antigen-capture ELISA appeared to be as sensitive as virus isolation in suckling mice. The studies described suggest that the IgM-capture ELISA and the antigen-detection ELISA should provide a rapid and sensitive diagnosis of human CCHF virus infection and should be useful in ecologic studies of this virus
To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.