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Protective effect of poly-2-vinylpyridine-N-oxide on susceptibility of silica-treated mice to experimental histoplasmosis.

By L A Von Behren, S Chaudhary, S Rabinovich, M D Shu and R P Tewari


We have studied the ability of poly-2-vinylpyridine-N-oxide (PVNO), a lysosomal stabilizing agent, to abrogate the cytotoxic effects of silica on macrophages. Male C3H/HeN mice were pretreated with PVNO and inoculated intravenously with silica particles. At 24 h after silica injection, silica-treated and -untreated mice were challenged intravenously with varying doses of live yeast cells of Histoplasma capsulatum. All mice receiving silica died when challenged with 5 X 10(5) yeast cells of Histoplasma sp. compared with no deaths in PVNO-pretreated animals and 10% mortality in controls not receiving PVNO or silica. When animals were given 2.5 X 10(5) yeast cells (a sublethal dose), the protective effect of PVNO was seen by a reduction in splenomegaly and viable Histoplasma sp. present in the spleen. Furthermore, PVNO alone showed a significant protective effect (P less than 0.05) against a lethal challenge with Histoplasma sp. Prior treatment with PVNO also protected mouse peritoneal macrophages from the cytotoxic effects of silica particles in vitro. These results indicate that PVNO abrogates the cytotoxicity of silica particles on macrophages and also increases the resistance of mice to histoplasmosis

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1983
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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