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Envelope gene sequences which encode the gp52 protein of spleen focus-forming virus are required for the induction of erythroid cell proliferation.

By D L Linemeyer, J G Menke, S K Ruscetti, L H Evans and E M Scolnick


A series of insertion-deletion mutants was constructed in a molecularly cloned DNA copy of the Friend strain of spleen focus-forming virus (SFFV). The mutants were produced by inserting a synthetic oligonucleotide linker containing the recognition sequence of SalI endonuclease into several different locations of the SFFV DNA. Three classes of mutants were isolated: insertion-deletion mutants in the 5' half of the SFFV genome, in the long terminal repeat of the SFFV genome, and in the env gene of the SFFV genome. The env gene mutant has a deletion of sequences shared in common between the env gene of SFFV and the env genes of mink cell focus-inducing murine leukemia viruses. From analyses of the biological activity of the various mutants and a biologically active subgenomic SFFV DNA fragment described herein, we can deduce that the coding sequence encompassing the env gene of SFFV is required for the biological activity. This region, required for the pathogenic phenotype, cannot be larger than 1.5 kilobase pairs, a size only slightly more than that sufficient to encode the nonglycosylated precursor of the gp52 env gene product

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1982
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:256113
Provided by: PubMed Central
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