Wild-type strains of Escherichia coli K-12 are resistant to acriflavine. Gene acrA+ which determines resistance to acriflavine is located near the lac region of the chromosome. This gene determines not only resistance to basic dyes but also resistance to phenethyl alcohol. Acriflavine resistance was transmitted, together with phenethyl alcohol resistance, from a resistant Hfr strain to a sensitive recipient by mating. Reversion of the mutant gene acrA1 (phenotypically acriflavine-sensitive) to acriflavine resistance was accompanied by a change from phenethyl alcohol sensitivity to resistance, and conversely the revertants selected for phenethyl alcohol resistance were resistant to acriflavine. A suppressor mutation, sup-100, closely linked to the acr locus, suppresses the acrA1 gene (phenotypically acriflavine-resistant), but does not determine resistance to phenethyl alcohol and basic dyes other than acriflavine. The genetic change in the locus acrA1 to types resistant to basic dyes and phenethyl alcohol was accompanied by an increase in resistance to sodium dodecyl sulfate, a potent solvent of lipopolysaccharide and lipoprotein. It is suggested that gene acrA determines synthesis of a membrane substance. The system seemed to be affected strongly by the presence of inorganic phosphate
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