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Appearance of a γ-d-Glutamyl-(l)Meso-Diaminopimelate Peptidoglycan Hydrolase During Sporulation in Bacillus sphaericus

By M. Guinand, G. Michel and D. J. Tipper


Particulate preparations from sporulating cells of Bacillus sphaericus 9602 contained an endopeptidase activity that hydrolyzed the γ-d-glutamyl-(l)meso-diaminopimelic acid linkages found in the spore cortical peptidoglycan of this organism. Diaminopimelic acid did not occur in the vegetative cell wall peptidoglycan, and the γ-d-glutamyl-l-lysine linkages found in this polymer were not hydrolyzed by the endopeptidase. The endopeptidase hydrolyzed (X)-l-alanyl-γ-d-glutamyl-(l)meso-diaminopimelyl(l)-d-alanyl-d-alanine only after removal of the terminal d-alanine residue. The preparations contained an acyl-d-alanyl-d-alanine carboxypeptidase I activity which converted such pentapeptides into substrates for the endopeptidase and which was inhibited 50% by 4 × 10−7 M benzylpenicillin. This activity also hydrolyzed the analogous pentapeptide substrates containing l-lysine. The preparations also contained an acyl-l-lysyl-d-alanine carboxypeptidase II activity that was not active on the meso-diaminopimelic acid-containing analogue. Neither this activity nor the endopeptidase was inhibited by 10−3 M benzylpenicillin. The specificities of the carboxypeptidases were consistent with the exclusive presence of l-lysine C-termini in the vegetative peptidoglycan and of meso-diaminopimelyl-d-alanine C-termini in the spore cortical peptidoglycan of B. sphaericus 9602

Topics: Physiology and Metabolism
Year: 1974
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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