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Production and characterization of monoclonal antibodies against aflatoxin M1.

By N A Woychik, R D Hinsdill and F S Chu


By using an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, four monoclonal antibodies were selected after fusion of mouse P3-NS1-Ag4-1 myeloma cells with spleen cells isolated from BALB/c mice that had been immunized with aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) conjugated to bovine serum albumin. Two of these antibodies were found to be specific for AFM1 and were designated AMW-1 and AMW-4. The specificities of AMW-1, which had higher affinity to AFM1, were determined by a competitive direct enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with peroxidase-AFM1 as the marker. The relative cross-reactivity of each toxin (relative to AFM1) with AMW-1, as determined by the amount of aflatoxin necessary to cause 50% inhibition of enzyme activity, was 12, greater than 40, 12, and greater than 40 for B1, B2, G1, and G2, respectively

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1984
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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