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Cloning and Expression of Thermostable α-Amylase Gene from Bacillus stearothermophilus in Bacillus stearothermophilus and Bacillus subtilis

By Shuichi Aiba, Kazuo Kitai and Tadayuki Imanaka


The structural gene for a thermostable α-amylase from Bacillus stearothermophilus was cloned in plasmids pTB90 and pTB53. It was expressed in both B. stearothermophilus and Bacillus subtilis. B. stearothermophilus carrying the recombinant plasmid produced about fivefold more α-amylase (20.9 U/mg of dry cells) than did the wild-type strain of B. stearothermophilus. Some properties of the α-amylases that were purified from the transformants of B. stearothermophilus and B. subtilis were examined. No significant differences were observed among the enzyme properties despite the difference in host cells. It was found that the α-amylase, with a molecular weight of 53,000, retained about 60% of its activity even after treatment at 80°C for 60 min

Topics: Genetics and Molecular Biology
Year: 1983
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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